A vaccine is available for some of the different types of meningitis for example, a vaccine has been developed to prevent infection due to haemophilus influenzae type b (hib. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by several different types of bacteria the most common types that infect babies include: group b streptococcus , known as group b strep. Bacterial meningitis several different types of bacteria can cause meningitis the national institute of neurological disorders and stroke reported that 6,000 cases of pneumococcal meningitis in the united states each year. Other types of meningitis include viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious meningitis, but the bacterial type is the most severe vaccines have dramatically reduced the incidence of bacterial. Meningococcal vaccines can prevent four types of meningococcal disease, including two of the three types that most commonly cause meningitis in the united states.
Meningitis is an umbrella term for five types of the disease, each characterized by its underlying cause find out what distinguishes these types of meningitis and the steps you can take to avoid. By the second half of the 20th century influenza viruses a and b, adenovirus were found to be linked to meningitis as well in 1968, aa smorodintsev proved that there are more than 200 different. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people.
Bacterial meningitis — there are many types of bacteria that can cause bacterial meningitis the most likely type depends upon the child's age, history of vaccinations, and current or past medical problems. In 1983, the cdc guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals (4) (hereafter referred to as the isolation guideline) was published to take the place of the 1975 isolation manual it contained many important changes. Bacterial meningitis and septicaemia bacterial meningitis and septicaemia are serious, life threatening illnesses at least 50 kinds of bacteria can cause meningitis, but the main types are.
In the past, haemophilus influenza type b (hib) meningitis used to be the most common cause of bacterial meningitis but it has become much less common since the introduction of hib vaccines some forms of bacterial meningitis affect newborn babies. There are different types of meningococcus (called serogroups), of which serogroups a, b, c, y and w135 are responsible for over 95% of meningitis and septicaemia cases the bacteria can also cause a variety of other diseases including septicaemia. Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord a bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling.
Infants, children, teens and adults can all develop meningitis, although different types of meningitis tend to affect different age groups meningitis causes dysfunction of the meninges, along with cerebrospinal fluid (csf), which is fluid that protects the structures of the central nervous system. The symptoms of meningitis don't appear in any particular order and may appear differently in different people in older children and adults symptoms of meningitis can include headache, fever, vomiting, neck stiffness, drowsiness and confusion, and discomfort looking at bright lights. Bring out your competitive side or get the neurons in your brain all fired up with questions on the different types of meningitis such as viral or fungal or on the classic symptoms of the disease such as fever, headache and neck stiffness.
Some other types of meningitis several unusual types of meningitis may pose a significant problem in differential diagnosis although the meninges are rarely implicated in a hypersensitivity reaction, such involvement can occur in serum sickness and in sensitivity to certain sulfonamide drugs. Meningitis refers to the inflammation of the meninges in your brain, but there are various agents that could cause this disease a whopping 85 percent of viral meningitis cases (around 10 to 15 million infections) are attributed to viruses from the enterovirus category yearly. Meningitis is a rare infection that affects the delicate membranes -- called meninges -- that cover the brain and spinal cord you or your children can catch it there are several types of this. Meningitis is a condition in which the meninges, the three thin layers that cover the brain and protect it against rapid exposure to outside agents, become inflamed.
Bacterial meningitis is usually treated with different types of antibiotics used against the specific bacteria causing the infection these may include ampicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, penicillin, moxalactam, nafcillin, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, ceftizoxime, oxacillin, vancomycin, or rifampin. Pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is the most serious form of bacterial meningitis some 6,000 cases of pneumococcal meningitis are reported in the united states each year. 10 symptoms of meningitis caused by viral, bacterial, and fungi infections, meningitis occurs when your meninges (the thin membranes around your brain and neck) are inflamed unfortunately, as symptoms are quite similar to those of a cold or flu, it can sometimes be hard to detect.