- human function: aristotle's basis for ethical value i aristotle's virtue ethics depend on the human function aristotle presents a system of virtue ethics in nicomachean ethics this work presents a prescriptive theory with the aim of showing how humans may reach a proper state of happiness in which the natural human end is fulfilled. One thing that aristotle's ethical theory places a major significance upon is character and virtue for aristotle eudaimonia, which is translated as true happiness or human flourishing, is the highest goal in life  and one must be virtuous in order to attain true happiness. By happiness (the usual english translation of the greek term eudaimonia), they did not mean a pleasant state of mind but rather a good human life, or a life of human flourishing the means by which happiness was acquired was through virtue.
Flourishing and excellence are tied to growing into their final form - adulthood i will return to this reduction of children to their development below in proposing a virtue. Actually, this is a tautology: human flourishing just is living a virtuous life as socrates argues at the end of book 1, a pruning knife needs its virtue, that is, sharpness, to be a good pruning knife. Like plato, aristotle thought of the virtuous character along the lines of a healthy body according to the prevailing medical theory of his day, health in the body consists of an appropriate balance between the opposing qualities of hot, cold, the dry, and the moist. The greeks looked upon justice as virtue in action and therefore a virtue the greek conception of justice was the virtue of soul and injustice its vice to both plato and aristotle justice meant.
Aristotle thought that the goal of human beings in their search for happiness was to reach eudemonia, or a state of flourishing he agreed with plato that virtue did not necessarily lead to a better life, but he did think that in order to achieve a true state of eudemonia, aiming for virtue was necessary. Human flourishing alone is the idea that encompasses all human activity and goals because there is nothing so natural and inescapable as the desire to live, and to live in peace, security, love, health, and. But if justice is a virtue, it cannot be used in the definition of virtue (ie, meno has basically defined virtue as the acquisition of beautiful things in the context of a type of virtue) this is truly an awesome project--socrates (and plato after him) is trying to convince a world that has always been confident in its knowledge that it in.
These questions are the ultimate concern of this essay, but to appreciate the answers that will be offered it is necessary to understand what is meant by human flourishing human flourishing is a relatively recent term in ethics. Plato's dialogues should be seen as plato's confrontation with pythagoreanism, and to my mind have little to do with later christian concerns with a substantial unity, independent of the body, that is gifted. 'human flourishing' all of these should be understood as terms of art for an objectively flourishing human life, which is the universally recognized goal (en i 4 1095a17-20. Virtue (latin: virtus, ancient greek: ἀρετή arete) is moral excellencea virtue is a trait or quality that is deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of principle and good moral being.
At the first virtue scholars meeting, i presented the meaning hypothesis of living a good life (wong, 2015a), based on my interpretation of frankl's concept of meaning-seeking (wong, 2014) and his st model (wong, 2016a. Then, compare and contrast machiavelli's understanding of virtue as instrumental with plato's conception of virtue as tied to human flourishing ° to machiavelli, fortune is a complex ideology so it takes on different meanings across the book. Socrates plato and aristotle were the first philosophers in the western tradition to propound a theory of ethics virtue theory defines morality as arising from a person's virtuous character traits. Eudaimonia (also known as eudaemonism) is a greek word, which refers to a state of having a good indwelling spirit or being in a contented state of being healthy, happy and prosperous in moral philosophy, eudaimonia is used to refer to the right actions as those that result in the well-being of.
The greek word for virtue is 'arete' for the greeks, the notion of virtue is tied to the notion of function (ergon) the virtues of something are what enable it to perform excellently its proper function. Virtue ethics describes a certain philosophical approach to questions about morality it is a way of thinking about ethics that is characteristic of ancient greek and roman philosophers, particularly socrates, plato, and aristotle. In the allegory of the cave, perhaps plato's most famous image, in book vii of the republic, the philosopher sets out on an allegorical (allēgoría) consideration of the nature of truth (alētheia), and how this pertains to human existence the allegory of the cave places on display the eternal. Human ﬂourishing is nothing more than pleasure (or virtue, or afﬂu- ence, or any of the others), does not entail that the concept of human ﬂourishing is no broader than the concept of pleasure.
Theory of human nature - the tripartite structure of the soul - [having encountered the social self of confucianism, the divine self of hinduism, and the no-self of buddhism, we come to dualism] plato is a dualist there is both immaterial mind (soul) and material body, and it is the soul that knows the forms. Reviews berges' project in this book is to develop a virtue theory of the law by way of a close examination of six of plato's dialogues this is an intriguing and fruitful line of inquiry, at the intersection of virtue ethics, ancient philosophy, and the philosophy of law. It can be understood in this way: to possess a virtue is to be a certain sort of person with a certain complex mindset1 virtue is a concept that is tied very much to the identity of the person.