Sarah b pomeroy spartan women oxford university press, 2002 ancient sparta is known not only for its great warriors, but also for its unusual treatment of women further north in democratic athens, modest women were rarely educated and mostly kept sequestered indoors. This collection contains plutarch's life of lycurgus, life of agis and cleomenes, and his collection of spartan sayings it also has xenophon's spartan society in an appendix, as well as other useful objects such as king lists, maps, and a glossary. Now, plutarch's story is certainly distorted most of the stories of spartan exceptionalism that are still popular today -- about the spartan agōgē, killing 'defective' babies, military supremacy, and so on -- were shaped by centuries of myth-making, long after sparta's actual heyday.
If we accept plutarch's account, lycurgus was oppressed by the glaring contrast between riches and poverty, the vast number of poor and landless on the one hand, and, on the other, the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few individuals — almost a marxian vision. Plutarch was born to a prominent family in the small town of chaeronea, about 80 km (50 miles) east of delphi, in the greek region of boeotiahis family was wealthy the name of plutarch's father has not been preserved, but based on the common greek custom of repeating a name in alternate generations, it was probably nikarchus (nίκαρχoς. The whole state became geared to a militaristic way of life plutarch writes that the new state that emerged at this point was due to lycurgus plutarch writing in the 2nd century bc bemoans the.
According to the legend, the spartan law was written by the great lawmaker (greek: νομοθέτης, nomothetis) lycurgus plutarch mentions that lycurgus (literally wolf-worker) wrote the laws in order to make the city state of sparta invincible, the spartans fearless and law-abiding. Lycurgus sparta's most famous myth is the myth of lycurgus lycurgus may have existed, but it is unlikely that he did all of the things attributed to him by the spartans our only evidence of lycurgus comes from people who wrote several centuries after he existed. Essay on plutarch, lycurgus and spartan militarist values running head: plutarch, lycurgus and spartan militarism plutarch, lycurgus and spartan militarist values student name the university of southern queensland apa plutarch, lycurgus and spartan militarist values militarist systems of government have been instituted in many nations around the world however one of the earliest and most. Although lycurgus had, in this manner, used all the qualifications possible in the constitution of his commonwealth, yet those who succeeded him found the oligarchical element still too strong and dominant, and, to check its high temper and its violence, put, as plato says, a bit in its mouth, which was the power of the ephori, established one hundred and thirty years after the death of lycurgus.
There are some seemingly contradictory elements of spartan life under lycurgus' laws as plutarch points out, there is a fundamental moral problem in that the freedom of the spartans is built on the backs of the helots. Plutarch's life of lycurgus of lycurgus the lawgiver we have nothing to relate that is certain and uncontroverted for there are different accounts of his birth, his travels, his death, and especially of the laws and form of government which he established. Before we can start analyzing spartan politics and society, we must first talk about lycurgus, the man who made it all possible alive sometime during the 9 th or 7 th century bc, lycurgus was responsible for shaping sparta into the militaristic society we know of today.
Plutarch's lycurgus and the sparta he fashioned represents t he traditional folk story, handed down for the generations, of a great man in a dark, remote age plutarch's sparta is, therefore, n ot history, though there may be some historical evidence for his account. Culture & everyday life in sparta plutarch, lives: lycurgus trans john dryden modern texts occupations and leisure spartans for a spartan, warfare was the. A spartan woman, when she heard that her son had died in battle right at his place in the line, said: 'bury him and let his brother fill his place' (plutarch, 161. Parallel lives - a historical lesson in ethical behavior plutarch, a greek aristocrat and a writer by profession, was born in the middle of first century ad.
Explain the significance of lycurgus reforms to spartan society lycurgus, who gave them the laws that they obey, and to which they owe their prosperity, i do regard with wonder and think that he reached the utmost limit of wisdom. Lycurgus began with a decree that all gold and silver coinage was outlawed and all spartan coins must be made of iron he made the coin units low value and heavy so they were difficult to store and transport he had the hot iron doused with vinegar to make the metal weak and fragile this caused. The spartan lifestyle extended to leisurely activities, food and clothing unique to their polis, the marriage customs to their occupations ultimately, reputable historians have extensively recorded spartan history, leaving ample evidence to create a broad depiction of the spartan lifestyle. Plutarch attributes to lycurgus, and thus describes in the life, most of the distinctive features of the spartan state in the classical period, with three notable exceptions the first is the dual kingship.