Once an identitarian concept that was supposed to explain both the glorious past and the promising future of germany, today the sonderweg lives on as the dominant academic understanding of germany's dark past. The concept of attacking one group to unify another--creation of a common scapegoat for instance, shortly after german unification, kaiser wilhelm i conducted a kulturkampf against the catholics (center party. Read german history before hitler: the debate about the german sonderweg, journal of contemporary history on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. If you eventually read german, there are two good marxist histories: bernt engelmann's wir untertanen (we subordinates or we loyal subjects) which spans the whole of german history, and georg fülberth's finis germaniae, which is a history of both the frg and gdr since 1946. A religious sonderweg reflections on the sacred and the secular in the historiography of modern germany if one had to identify the moment at which religion officially arrived in the anglo-american historiography of modern germany, one might point to the publication in 1993 of david blackbourn's marpingen.
Sonderweg (literally: special path) is a controversial theory in german historiography that considers the german-speaking lands, or the country germany, to have followed a unique course from aristocracy into democracy, distinct from other european countries. Finally, after soviet collapse and west germany's annexation of its eastern neighbor in 1989-90, skepticism about the sonderweg's explanatory power and very existence became general, and embraced not merely the lock-step social-historical concept of the 1960s and 1970s but virtually all suggestions that germany's pre-1914 past might. 10 brennan, teresa, history after lacan (new york: routledge, 1993), 8 - 9brennan's discussion of the applications of lacan's work for historians is particularly acute for historians of germany.
One way of answering these questions is to refer to the concept of a german sonderweg first, we shall reconstruct the sonderweg thesis german history before hitler. Posts about sonderweg written by douglasibell david blackbourn and geoff eley's study the peculiarities of german history is a combination of three essays originally published in german as mythen deutscher geschichtsschreibung in 1980. Sonderweg (german: [ˈzɔndɐˌveːk], special path) identifies the theory in german historiography that considers the german-speaking lands or the country germany itself to have followed a course from aristocracy to democracy unlike any other in europe. History of germany the concept of germany as a distinct region in central europe can be traced to roman commander julius caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the rhine as germania, thus distinguishing it from gaul (france), which he had conquered historiography sonderweg. Wehler's pioneering work helped to define the german sonderweg theory, or the concept of germany's special path, in terms of its general history the basis of the.
Development of feminist the concept of sonderweg university of bielefeld, germany professor, general and social psychology, university of history, archaeology. Read the origin of the concept of allgemeinbildung in 18th century germany, studies in philosophy and education on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. In the context of what we in germany call gesellschaftgeschichte, that is, societal history, the concept of a national german sonderweg (special path) is most essential for my part, i do not believe that the national character of fascism should be placed exclusively in the forefront /11. The history of the life sciences in germany, along with the history of science more generally, has had an interesting if tangential relationship to the sonder- weg tradition. The weakness of german liberalism usually figures prominently in anything written about modern german history it is also central to the thesis of a german sonderweg (separate path), that german history, from at least the nineteenth century onwards, deviated significantly from more benign developments in western europe.
Otto von bismarck: otto von bismarck, prime minister of prussia (1862-73, 1873-90) and founder and first chancellor (1871-90) of the german empire whose time in office took prussia from the weakest of the five european powers to, as the unified german empire, the foremost military and industrial power on the continent. The object of this essay is not to propose a new model for modern german history, but rather to highlight for non-specialists some of the major schools of thought and central arguments related to the concept of sonderweg. The book is an intellectual history of germany watson largely ignores political intrigue, bringing out instead the ideas of philosophers, musicians, scientists, historians, and industrialists it's to make a simple point: there's a lot more to the country than the 12 years between 1933 and 1945.
The thesis of the german sonderweg was developed more systematically after the 1960s and 1970s, in the wake of the gradual opening of german historiography to social history and. Ununited germany in its long history, germany has rarely been united for most of the two millennia that central europe has been inhabited by german-speaking peoples, such as the eastern franks, the area now called germany was divided into hundreds of states, many quite small, including duchies, principalities, free cities, and ecclesiastical states.
In terms of 'sonderweg', some german historians would argue that following german tradition meant that germany's path was more natural, as the concept suggests, however, italy's widening gap with society was a struggle. (german, 'special path') a historiographical perspective of german history and the origins of nazism sonderweg historians believe that german national development has followed a unique course, shaped by authoritarianism, nationalism and militarism. Nineteenth- and twentieth-century german history 569 festschrift, if i understand it correctly, retallack expresses his exasperation at the degree to which ostensible criticism of the sonderweg concept has itself. The subject of the article is the comparison of two approaches to german-polish relations: the one of helmuth plessner, the founder of the contemporary philo- sophical anthropology and one of rst theoreticians of german sonderweg in the history of europe, and that of a polish writer witold gombrowicz as one of the most radical critics of.